Many industrial cables and wires are available in the market, but their selection should be made with caution. For low current and low voltage applications, hookup wire is considered the best available option, because it is a single insulated conductor wire.
It is an inexpensive and easy to use product. It is used in the control panels of many electronic gadgets, telephones, computers, cars, and more.
Hookup wire is available in different types and gauges. All these types may look the same, but every type is designed to carry a particular electrical load to various components and perform certain applications.
When selecting these products, it becomes necessary to consider few valuable factors such as below:
Conductor material is an important consideration. Copper is the most commonly used conductor material because it has ideal corrosion resistance and high thermal conductivity.
Conductor size is measured in wire gauge and the higher the gauge number is, the smaller the diameter of the cable will be.
Wires with stranded conductors are more flexible because these conductors consist of one or more groups of wires warped together.
Jacket and Insulation Material:
To decrease the leakage of current from conductor, it becomes necessary to use variety of jacket and insulation material. Selection of the insulation material should be considered based upon the applications that wires will be used for.
Another important specification to consider is rated voltage. Rated voltage also influences other characteristics such as the type and thickness of its insulation. Usage of thick thermoplastic insulation is required for high voltage functions.
Types of Hook up wires
Type B: This one of the most common types available in the market. It is an approved cable made of stranded tinned copper.
Type E: These are considered ideal for high frequency applications because of their phenomenal electrical features with low power loss.